The role of women in Indonesia’s extremist landscape has grown rapidly. But as jihadi groups are traditionally dominated by men, the government has yet to develop strategies to address the radicalization of women.
While Indonesia’s government struggles to contain the spread of COVID-19, homegrown militant groups are adapting to the crisis in an effort to gain a foothold and prepare for the post-COVID-19 period. For Indonesia’s militants, the current health care crisis in the country offers an opportunity to regroup and reform in a way that may not have been possible before.
Former ISIS fighters from Southeast Asia are opting to stay in the Middle East, but regional governments must remain vigilant.
With Marawi in crisis, Duterte turns to self-rule for Muslims to bring extremism under control. It might be the best chance he has of tackling radical extremism.