Bir Kirin tidak dapat mengetahui apakah ia membiayai tentera Myanmar; Pengkritik menimbulkan persoalan

Foto: Taisyo, CC BY-SA 3.0, melalui Wikimedia Commons

Japanese beer conglomerate Kirin says an investigation by Deloitte was unable to determine if the company has been funding the Myanmar military through its joint ownership of domestic beer companies. Critics say Kirin has been complicit in human rights abuses by partnering with a Myanmar military-owned company.

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Japanese beer corporation Kirin has said that an assessment of its ties with the Myanmar military was “inconclusive” as to the company’s role in human rights abuses and military operations.

Kirin has faced major criticisms over its joint ownership of Myanmar alcohol companies with the military-owned Myanmar Economic Holdings Ltd. (Tepung). Sejak 2015, Kirin has diadakan 51% ownership of both Mandalay Brewery Ltd and Myanmar Brewery Ltd, with the remainder held by MEHL.

Kumpulan hak berkata that by partnering with MEHL, Kirin is complicit in the military’s human rights abuses, including the genocide against the Rohingya. Sehingga November 2020, Kirin has suspended payments from its Myanmar ventures to MEHL.

Didalam kenyataan pada januari 7, Kirin said that an investigation commissioned by the company and carried out by Deloitte was “unable to access sufficient information” to determine whether profits from its partnerships with MEHL were going to the military.

The Myanmar Centre for Responsible Business dilaporkan, following conversations with MEHL management directors, that Myanmar Brewery generates the majority of the military firm’s profits. Myanmar Brewery controls almost 80% of the domestic beer market, according to Kirin.

Burma Campaign UK and other rights groups have expressed disappointment in Kirin’s announcement.

“Kirin are making themselves look ridiculous trying to claim they can’t find out if the Burmese military uses its money for military purposes," berkata Burma Campaign UK Director Mark Farmaner.

Kirin berkata it will issue an update on its plans regarding Myanmar Brewery and Mandalay Brewery by the end of April. The Japanese conglomerate is the ninth-largest beer company in the world, Menurut to market research firm Technavio.

Foto: 栗原 岳, CC BY-SA 4.0, melalui Wikimedia Commons

Kirin partner firm has clear role in rights abuses via Myanmar military

The Myanmar military has committed human rights abuses for decades, the most infamous case in recent years being its genocide against the Rohingya following attacks by Rohingya militants in August 2017. The military crackdown that pushed 750,000 Rohingya Muslims into refugee camps in Bangladesh has led to a prominent ongoing legal case at the International Court of Justice.

Pada bulan September 2019, the UN Independent International Fact-Finding Mission on Myanmar mendapati that any connections with MEHL or fellow military-owned firm Myanmar Economic Corporation carried “a high risk of contributing to or being linked to, violations of human rights law and international humanitarian law.”

MEHL’s pemegang saham include Myanmar military units, including those operating in Rakhine State and other conflict zones where the military has committed human rights abuses, according to Amnesty International. The rest of MEHL’s shares are largely held by retired members of the military. MEHL’s board is diselia by a “patrons group”, with Myanmar military commander chief Senior General Min Aung Hlaing as chair.

Dividend payments from MEHL constitute a significant source of funds for the Myanmar military; menurut satu shareholders report daripada 2011, hampir 90% of annual dividend payments from 1990 ke 2011 went to military units—a contribution of around US$16 billion.

Separate from MEHL’s partnership with the Japanese beer giant, the UN mission’s 2019 laporkan juga berkata that Kirin made direct financial contributions to the Myanmar military in 2017 totaling US$12,786.

Kirin opposed to funding Myanmar military but won’t cut ties

Though Kirin has been publicly opposed to the prospect of funding the Myanmar military, the firm has refused to sever its partnership with MEHL.

In response to criticism from international human rights groups, Kirin wrote in a surat dalam bulan Jun 2020 that “It is wholly unacceptable to Kirin that any proceeds from the joint-venture with the MEHL could be used for military purposes.”

jun lalu, Kirin mengumumkan that Deloitte would carry out an investigation into MEHL to determine where the profits from its joint ventures in the country were going.

In its statement last week, Kirin said that it will continue its suspension of payments from its Myanmar business ventures to MEHL as well as Kirin Holdings. Kirin announced the self-imposed restrictions in November due to a “lack of visibility regarding the future business environment for our Myanmar joint-ventures, including the remaining issue of the destination of proceeds.”

Menurut ke Nikkei Asia, Kirin’s businesses in Myanmar will soon constitute around 10% of the conglomerate’s overseas sales, following major investments from 2015-21.

Kirin holds stakes in many major beer companies around the world, including San Miguel, Lion and US-based New Belgium dan Brooklyn Brewery.

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