Sebuah meludah atas minyak sawit: Filipina kesabaran dengan Malaysia dan Indonesia memakai tipis

perkebunan kelapa sawitfoto Kredit: Craig Morey / Flickr

Sejak November 2018, Filipina Departemen Pertanian (DARI) memiliki disorot kelapa berlebihan Volume impor minyak. Ketika mengancam untuk mengeluarkan larangan sementara, Malaysia dan Indonesia akhirnya menanggapi.

Oleh Joelyn Chan

The Philippines consumed approximately 1.3 juta metrik ton of palm oil in 2017. Despite experiencing no significant increase in demand, the Philippines Statistics Authority (PSA) reported that the nation’s palm oil imports reached a new high in 2018, soaring to 278,384.039 metric tons. Ini adalah 176.3%, higher than 2017’s imports.

Quoting the nation’s Agriculture Secretary Emmanuel Piñol, palm oil imports from Indonesia and Malaysia have increased by 900% over the last three years. Namun, there is no corresponding surge in palm oil consumption in recent years. This sudden and drastic increase in volume raised suspicions of palm oil dumping.

This is a serious issue for the Philippines. Palm oil can substitute copra in the manufacturing of cooking oil. Palm oil dumping in Filipino markets is causing excessive supply, driving local copra prices down.

Five months after the DA voiced its concerns, Indonesia and Malaysia agreed to form a Tripartite Technical Working Group (TWG) to settle the palm oil dumping issue. The group will attempt to determine a healthy level for palm oil imports.

Sumber: statista

The Philippines reserves the right to issue a temporary ban

According to World Trade Organisation (WTO), “A WTO member may take a safeguard action (mis, temporarily restrict a product’s imports) only if the increased imports of the product are found to be causing, or threatening to cause, serious injury.”

The importation of palm oil caused harm to the Philippines’ copra market. Karena itu, under WTO rules, the government would be within its rights to restrict the import of palm oil from Malaysia and Indonesia.

The Philippines has taken measures to protect its copra exports before. Di 1995, the Filipino government raised a perselisihan with the WTO when Brazil imposed duty on its desiccated coconut export. The Philippines claimed that this duty was inconsistent with WTO and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) rules.

It is an opportunity for Philippines to correct its trade deficit

The Philippines’ trade deficit is becoming a big problem for the nation. Its trade-in-goods deficit in 2018 was the nation’s highest ever. With slow export growth, the trade deficit of 41.44 miliar peso (US $ 2,2 miliar) will likely continue to grow.

Sumber: MEMERIKSA

The Philippines maintained a negative agricultural trade balance in 2017. It reported trade deficits with its major trading partners, including other ASEAN nations.

Indonesia has attempted to appease the Filipino government

In an attempt to appease the Filipino government and ease tensions, Indonesia lifted anti-dumping measures on Filipino bananas and non-tariff measure on onions in early April.

Indonesian Trade Minister Enggartiasto Lukita even urged Filipino exporters to start exporting agricultural products to Indonesia.

The move offers the Philippines an opportunity chance to review its export activities and address its expanding trade deficit.

Bilaterial ties are important for ASEAN’s development

Under the ASEAN Trade in Goods Agreement (ATIGA), Malaysia and Indonesia enjoy tariff-free rates on palm oil. ATIGA has promoted the free flow of goods across ASEAN by reducing trade barriers and deepening economic cooperation.

Dumping is a direct threat to this economic trust and cooperation. Demi pertumbuhan dan perkembangan ASEAN, negara-negara anggota harus tetap bersatu dan menghindari praktik perdagangan predator. Penerapan defensif, Kebijakan proteksionis secara ekonomi hanya akan menghambat kemajuan dan kemakmuran ekonomi ASEAN.

tentang Penulis

Joelyn Chan
Joelyn adalah penulis lepas yang tinggal di Singapura. Dia lulus dari Universitas Teknologi Nanyang dengan gelar Sarjana Ganda dalam bidang Akuntansi dan Bisnis. Selama waktu luangnya, dia mengeksplorasi perkembangan terkini dalam fintech dan bisnis.